The battle of the Kato Nevrokopi Plateau

6th April 1941 

e German attack began at 05.15, on 6th April, 1941. e assault of the 72nd German Division on the Kato Nevrokopi plateau centred chie y on the western area, on the roads towards Drama and Serres. e area was defended by the forces of the Karadag Complex, the XIV and VIII Divisions. e brunt of the attack by four German regiments was born by Forts Lisse and Pyramidoides (which controlled the road to Drama), and Perithori and Maliaga (which controlled the Kato Vrondou-Serres road). e German infantry force was supported by assault weapons and artillery, but they did not have air cover. All German head on assaults and attempts to in ltrate were repelled by the Greek artillery re from the forts. 

7th April 1941 

On the following day, 7th April, on the Kato Nevrokopi plateau, the German assaults against Forts Lisse, Pyramidoides, and Dasavle were yet again repelled. However, the Germans occupied Ousogia Hill, north of Lisse and Pyramidoides, while another unit occupied Kreste Hill, creating a potential threat to the Kalapoti Pass and allowing for in ltration behind the area. In order to deal with this threat, the Kalapoti detachment was created. e in ltration of German units into a section of the tunnels at Fort Perithori, led to dramatic hand to hand combat, which resulted in the neutralisation of the enemy incursion. At the same time, an assault team launched an attack against German troops resting on its surface. e assault against Fort Maliaga also failed.


8th April 1941 

At Kato Nevrokopi the Germans failed, yet again, to take Forts Pyramidoides, Lisse, Dasavle, Maliaga, and Perithori. e e orts of the Kalapoti detachment to retake Kreste Hill met with similar failure. ere was further erce hand to hand combat at Perithori. 

9th April 1941 

In Kato Nevrokopi, in VII Division’s sector, the Germans were pinned down on Ousogia Hill by the relentless re from Fort Pyramidoides and the Greek artillery, while the Greek forces from the Kalapoti detachment managed to retake Kreste Hill a er a erce battle. Having seen that their e orts to open up the Granite Gorge had failed due to Forts Lisse and Pyramidoides, the Germans turned their attention to the fort complex of Perithori, Partalouska, and Dasavle. Further to the west, the Karadag Complex (XIV Division) achieved impressive Greek successes. On the night of April 8th to 9th, a German force, the size of a regiment, which had managed to in ltrate behind the Karadag Complex between Forts Perithori and Partalouska, was forced out following a heroic counterattack by a small group of reserve units, which managed to take 102 Germans captive. Furthermore, the two German companies which had managed to occupy Aghios Konstantinos Hill, faced a Greek attack which led to the hill being recaptured and 250 Germans taken prisoner. 

e commanders of the Lisse complex were taken to division headquarters at the 25th km of the Drama-Nevrokopi road, where they were informed of the conditions of surrender for the forces of the East Macedonian Army Group. Many of the o cers found it hard to accept the decision to surrender their forts, especially those that had fought and not been beaten. 




An ultramarathon, also called ultra distance or ultra running, is any footrace longer than the traditional marathon length of 42.195 kilometres (26.219 mi).

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